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Artocarpus altilis Parkinson Fosberg alias Sukun

Artocarpus altilis Parkinson Fosberg alias Sukun


Daun Sukun alias Artocarpus altilis

Sukun alias Artocarpus altilis Breadfruit is the name of a type of tree that bears fruit.

Artocarpus altilis

Breadfruit does not have seeds and has a soft part, which resembles bread after cooking or frying. Because of this, Europeans recognized him as "the fruit of bread" (Ingg .: breadfruit; Bld .: broodvrucht, etc.). Breadfruit is actually a cultivar that is selected so that no seeds. 

Sukun alias Artocarpus altilis
The word "sukun" in Javanese means "without seeds" and is used for seedless cultivars in other types of fruit, such as guava and durian. 

Artocarpus altilis
The "ancestors" which have seeds (and are therefore considered half wild) are known as arising, kulur (Sundanese), or kluwih (Javanese), kulu (Acehnese), kalawi (Minang language), bakara '(Makassar language). 

Artocarpus altilis leaf
In the Pacific region, culinary and breadfruit become important sources of carbohydrates. There are known by various names, such as kuru, ulu, or uru. 

Its scientific name is Artocarpus altilis. Embossed, kulur, or kluwih (which has seeds) are picked more when young, to be used as lodeh vegetables, sour vegetables, or sauteed with chili. Old embossed seeds are also often boiled, fried, or roasted to be used as a snack Some say that breadfruit leaves that have aged and fallen, can be used for traditional treatment of prostate enlargement, lowering blood sugar, and treatment of kidney failure. 

Artocarpus altilis
But this research has not been done further Medicinal Breadfruit has a very wide range of applications in traditional medicine with all parts of the plant being utilized in the treatment of a range of conditions. Research has shown the presence of a number of active compounds in the plant: 
The fruit contains artocarpine and the enzyme papayotine. The leaf contains the phenols quercetin and camphorol, plus gamma-aminobutyric acid, which lowers the blood pressure. The stem-bark and fruit contain cyclopropane sterols. 

Artocarpus altilis
The toasted flowers are rubbed on the gums around aching teeth to ease pain. An extract from the flowers is effective in treating ear edema. Latex is massaged into the skin to treat broken bones, bruises, sprains, abscesses etc, and is bandaged on the spine to relieve sciatica. It is commonly used to treat puncture wounds in the eyes, skin ailments and fungal diseases such as thrush. 

Artocarpus altilis
The latter is also treated with crushed leaves. Diluted latex is taken internally to treat diarrhea, stomach-ache and dysentery. Latex and juice from the crushed leaves are both traditionally used to treat ear infections. A filtrate of new, unfolded leaves is employed as a remedy for fish poisoning and as a muscle relaxant in the case of convulsive spasms. 

Artocarpus altilis
The yellowing leaf is brewed into a tea and taken to reduce high blood pressure. The tea is also thought to control diabetes. Hypertension and diabetes medications are prepared from a mixture of the boiled leaves of this species combined with Persea americana, Carica papaya and Annona muricata. 

Artocarpus altilis
The leaves are used in Taiwan to treat liver diseases and fevers. The root is an astringent and is used as a purgative. Pressed fluid of the root is used in the treatment of respiratory ailments which include difficult, painful breathing. When macerated it is used as a poultice for skin ailments. 

Sukun alias Artocarpus altilis
The bark is used to treat headaches. Bark extracts exhibited strong cytotoxic activities against leukemia cells in tissue culture, and extracts from roots and stem barks showed some antimicrobial activity against Gram-positive bacteria and may have potential in treating tumors. Liquid squeezed from the bark or leaves is given to remedy chest pains and vomiting resulting from heart trouble. Pressed liquid from the stem bark is employed in the treatment of pain in the bones and maternal postpartum infections. 


The bark is also used to treat stomach aches and digestive tract problems. Fluid pressed from young fruit is given to treat an illness which causes pain in the lungs and vomiting of blood 

Akar adalah astringen dan digunakan sebagai pencahar. Cairan yang ditekan dari akar digunakan dalam pengobatan penyakit pernapasan yang termasuk kesulitan, pernapasan menyakitkan. 

Ketika dimaserasi digunakan sebagai tapal untuk penyakit kulit. Kulitnya digunakan untuk mengobati sakit kepala. 

Ekstrak kulit menunjukkan aktivitas sitotoksik yang kuat terhadap sel-sel leukemia dalam kultur jaringan, dan ekstrak dari akar dan kulit batang menunjukkan beberapa aktivitas antimikroba terhadap bakteri Gram-positif dan mungkin berpotensi dalam mengobati tumor.


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Artocarpus altilis




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